The classic “Cool Guy” look, leaning back with a pair of sunglasses and a leather jacket, was pulled directly from wartime practicality. Pilots (and gas mask wearers) in World War 1 - and then even more so in World War 2 - used protective lenses to shield their eyes when conducting missions. In fact, the name Ray-bans refers to their original use in “banning rays” from combat pilots eyes. Aviators are pretty obvious with what they are referring to. That typical combat pilot look of sunglasses and a flight jacket is a lasting symbol of American “cool” that has more or less stuck with us. Though some actors had worn sunglasses just prior to the war, it was really that dashing military pilot that led to the boom of the modern age’s sunglass industry.
I bring up this interesting little factoid because it ties into the subject I want to cover today. Tactically based sunglasses and their use for military, police, and first responders today. Sure, we all want to look good in our sunglasses - and they do give each of us a distinct look when we wear them, but there is a reason to have good sunglasses and it is not just because you’re cool.
That person who wore the first sunglasses 12th century China probably thought they were cool, too; but smoky quartz with some kind of frame to make them wearable is miles away from the technology of the polarized, anti-scratch, anti-fog, ballistic wonders that we wear on our faces today. To be useful, let’s discuss these terms – what do they mean and which are features that are which are absolutely necessary for a working pair of sunglasses.
Glare occurs when an intense amount of sunlight is reflected into your eyes by a surface such as water or car glass. Being hit by glare distorts your view - affecting your color and depth perception. Even momentarily blinding you in extreme cases. For many professionals, even a momentary lapse of eyesight quality can be dangerous or lead to failing our jobs – did we miss something important? Did someone get away? For this reason, those who work in locations with a lot of vehicles, in intensely bright climates, or anywhere they find their eyesight is at risk for impairment, are highly encouraged to invest in a pair of polarized lenses. Yes they cost more and most of us do not usually consider that a feature that we need, but it is one of the most important and overlooked attributes you should look for in your glasses.
Polarized sunglasses are made with an extra chemical layer added to the lenses that helps reduce glare and the adverse effects of UV light. Regular sunglasses do lessen the amount of light that enters the eyes both vertically and horizontally. A Polarized lens absorbs the horizontal while allowing the vertical light to pass through. Because light is only going one direction when it hits your eyes, glare is reduced.
Water droplets and condensation adversely affect vision. A high body temperature will often be enough to create steam capable of reducing visibility on most sunglasses. A Hydrophilic coating is added to quality lenses that will repel water and block moisture from clinging to the glass. This leaves you with clear vision at all times. The hydrophilic anti-fog coating allows you to work in optimal conditions even when there are large temperature differences.
There are many varieties of anti-scratch resistance. All of them act as a shield that reduces the creation of scratches and improves the lens resistance to abrasions and nicks. This allows the lens to last longer, as well as preventing imperfections that can impair the user's vision. Some brands do this better than others.
There are numerous cases of ricochets and shrapnel being stopped by modern ballistic proofed sunglasses. If you live or work in an armed profession, or are prepared to be part of a fight, you need to consider choosing sunglasses that are rated to stop airborne missiles. Your eyes are delicate, really; and they’re precious. Protect them on the job, on the street, and on the range.
A few quick examples:
- Staff Sgt. Kelly Rogne, known as the IED Whisperer, credits his protective sunglasses to saving his vision. An IED was triggered as he kneeled down to inspect it, though he was extremely close, the blast failed to cause more than surface damage. However, the amount of debris - rocks and sand - that was thrown into his face would have more than likely blinded him should he had not been wearing high quality sunglasses.
- A fire rescue team in New Hampshire were using a chainsaw to cut through the floor of a garage to get to a fire. As they were reducing the concrete, their saw struck something metal in the floor. Shards of unknown metal were thrown into each of their faces. In this case, debris and projectiles that would have/could have damaged their eyesight was blocked ballistic glasses they were wearing.
- Paul Maalouf of the North Las Vegas SWAT team was serving a high risk warrant when the diversionary device he deployed into a doorway subsequently blew out a nearby window.Hards of razor sharp were exploded from an unexpected direction into his face. One pice of the glass had enough velocity to actually carve a gouge out of one lens of his sunglasses. Thanks to his eye protection, his day ended with only some stitches above his lip. Do you think he is happy to have bought ballistic lenses?
Products marketed in the US as ‘impact protectors’ must pass specific high-impact testing requirements. Those that meet the requirements are marked as "Z87+ by the American National Standards Institute, or sometimes noted as “ANSI Z87 impact standards.”
STANAG is a similar rating that refers to the standard ballistic rating of gear destined for NATO forces. STANAG 2920 tests are conducted by shooting fragment simulating projectiles into the test specimen at different velocities. Passing the STANGAG 2920 means you meet their standard for impact resistance.
The U.S. military also rates and publishes their own standard, labeled as MIL-PRF-31013. This standard states that eyewear must withstand a 0.15 caliber, 5.8 grain, T37 shaped projectile at a velocity of 660 feet per second.
These ratings matter to you because now you know what to look for when choosing your sunglasses. You need not settle just for the claims made by the manufacturer about how resilient their products are, but you can also compare them against known standards. Most great sunglass brands know this and are very forthcoming with their rating claims. In fact, many exceed the ANSI, STANAG, and U.S. Military ratings. Most of the successfully rated glasses will not only protect from ricochets and shrapnel but can also stop a direct shot from a small caliber round at a suitable distance. Examples of glasses like this might be the Assault Tactical Glasses by Bolle or the Bronx Tactical Glasses by Tifosi have been tested successfully against the equivalent of a .22 bullet!
Here is a listing of some more sunglasses that we carry in our store that have met or exceeded these ratings:
- Dolomite 2.0 Tactical Safety Sunglasses
- Jet FC Tactical Safety Sunglasses
- Lore Tactical Safety Sunglasses
- Ranger Tactical Glasses
- Sentinel Tactical Glasses
- Solis Safety Glasses
- SWAT Tactical Glasses
- Veloce Tactical Safety Sunglasses
And, of course, there are many others (this list is by no means inclusive and it is ALWAYS expanding). You can find more here.
So, you take all this together and it becomes easy to understand that choosing sunglasses for duty use or for everyday carry is a bigger decision than just ‘what looks good on my face’. If you want to choose wisely, you will remember to include ‘which glasses help me see better’ and ‘which glasses give me the right amount of protection’? Oh, and its okay if you like the way they look, too. :)
As you read this, it is my goal that maybe you've learned something you didn't know about choosing sunglasses or at least it made you think about how important your choice of eye protection can be. Since everyone who works in our company is a military or police veteran, we take the subject or protective gear very seriously – we work very hard to ensure that every single one of our eyewear products meets a higher need than just good looks. We sell eye protection!
This is an important topic for the professionals we service and we look forward to working with you – so do not hesitate to call, email, of chat with Nelson & Co today!
Though tourniquets have been used to treat violent wounds as far back as the Roman Empire, there persist many misconceptions about their proper use. Too many still believe that tourniquets are a last resort item or that the use of one will result in eventual amputation. Many of these false beliefs stem from medical practices during World War I and II (we will get into these later in the article) The truth is, that tourniquets have seen wider and wider use in immediate application across the board. Roughly 50% of all combat deaths since World War 2 can be attributed to blood loss, and many are realizing in hindsight that proper tourniquets could have saved a significant percentage of those. They are so valuable that some new combat uniforms even incorporate tourniquets into the design!
Today most military members and EMTs are well aware of the importance of carrying a tourniquet and when to apply it, but this knowledge has been slow to permeate through to other uniformed professions who put themselves in harm's way. Myths and misplaced fears regarding tourniquets abound, even amongst those who could benefit from them the most.
In applying both buddy aid or self-aid, the tourniquet is an integral part of the medical tool chest, and I cannot stress enough how important it is that you learn the truth about their importance in saving lives. If you are reading this article on our website, it is likely that you already know that making the right choice, and carrying the right life-saving gear, can make all the difference in whether you or a buddy make it home at the end of the shift or deployment - and I’m here to make sure you understand the right gear is often a tourniquet.
A Quick History of the Tourniquet and the Myths that Surround it.
“The use of a tourniquet went from a means of last resort to a means of first aid and so became the prehospital medical breakthrough of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.”
-Tragedy Into Drama: An American History of Tourniquet Use in the Current War
As far back as Ancient Greeks, you can find descriptions of bands that were tightened to slow blood loss. The first significant advancement in the technology came when Etienne Morel used a tourniquet with a stick to turn and tighten its constricting bands in the Battle of Flanders in 1674. Their method is still taught today.
Soldiers on both sides of the Civil War were encouraged to carry supplies with which to make tourniquets, and the devices saved many lives. Inadequate training, however, led to their misuse at times, and the some of the negative myths around the devices began.
Most of the negative reputation around tourniquets came from battlefield reports during the two World Wars. Most of these adverse reports and studies have now been proven mostly anecdotal, and their reported clinical outcomes are likely not from tourniquet use, but rather a multitude of other variables. Another reason for their negative reputation during these wars were unsound practices and designs. The idea popularized at the time that the tourniquet should be loosened every 20-30 minutes is outright false and was found to result in greater bleeding.
The poor reporting on tourniquets following the war led to many misconceptions that lasted well into the current generation. One of the major misconceptions is that use of a tourniquet should be a last resort since it can lead to amputation. In actually, tourniquets can usually be left for at least to 2 hours without permanent complications, and up to 6 hours before total muscle damage requiring amputation would result. Some reports from remote battlefields suggest this timeline is even longer.
I want to repeat this one more time - Tourniquets can usually be used safely FOR AT LEAST 2 HOURS without risking permanent complications. When you are in an emergency situation, and someone is losing blood, the fear of permanent limb damage resulting from the tourniquet becomes absurd. Use the tourniquet!
Following several soldiers bleeding to death in Mogadishu in 1993 (made famous in the book and movie Black Hawk Down) Rangers and special operations soldiers began carrying tourniquets with them at all times, and major studies on their use were conducted. In 2003, following lessons learned from the Iraq and Afghan wars, combat surgeons urged the military to make the tourniquet a standard item in all military first aid kits.
After the implementation of the U.S. Military Tactical Combat Casualty Care Committee guidelines for tourniquet use, a huge decrease in combat deaths due to external hemorrhage occurred. Despite this increased knowledge of their benefits, the police and the civilian communities have still been slow to adopt tourniquets.
You Need to Carry One (or Three…)
Tourniquets are highly recommended for SWAT teams, medics, patrol officers or anyone expecting a dangerous tactical situation. Threats that are commonplace these days can cause massive amounts of trauma to extremities.
In high-risk situations, you likely will have to rely on your equipment and training, especially when traditional EMS services cannot easily or quickly reach you. Modern tourniquets can easily be applied to yourself and others and will save a life if used swiftly and correctly. Their use by the military in combat gives us valuable insight into further utilization on the homefront. Not having tourniquets with you when needed puts you at a distinct disadvantage when faced with injury or challenging patients.
The Right Tourniquet for the Job
There are so many, how do you know which to choose? In general, there are a few common rules: a wider tourniquet is more efficient at stopping blood flow than a narrow one with the same pressure. Larger limbs with a larger circumference require more tension, thus making a variability in pressure key for an effective tourniquet.
Not all tourniquets are created equal. While each one is suited for a given situation, you should know what type you should carry for the situation and wounds you and those you work with are most likely going to face.
Here are some links to the most popular (and most useful) tourniquets:
Combat Application Tourniquet
Across the globe militaries and emergency personnel have adopted the C-A-T tourniquet. It went into production in 2005 and has been deemed by the Army Institute of Research to be 100% effective. It can be applied with one hand quickly and easily.
SOF Tactical Tourniquet
High-strength and lightweight, the SOF Tactical Tourniquet is carried by a number of elite units and agencies for its ability to stop even the most severe bleeding.
Response TK Windlass Tourniquet
The Windlass tourniquet takes a couple of extra steps to apply, but the additional straps allow it to be held into place - be wound up to 200 lbs of pressure. This is useful if you are treating a larger or more muscular individual, or a more severe wound, and need to apply a significant amount of pressure.
Military Emergency Tourniquet (MET) Gen III
Designed by former special operations warfighters and proven in combat service for almost a decade. The MET Gen III provides a one-handed application that is easy to apply and stays in place. As a true open-loop system, this tourniquet comes apart completely to place around a limb and doesn’t need to be fully cinched down before engaging the windlass.
Large Hemorrhage Compression Strap
Small, light, and efficient, this strap allows for a single hand application while simultaneously allowing you to apply extreme pressure. The tension fixture adds the ability to use manual force along with the wrapping to increase the blood loss stoppage capability.
One Handed Compression Strap
A compression strap is ideal for applying direct pressure over a wound or for creating pressure on an extremity to reduce blood loss. The TK-4 has been deployed by the US Marine Corps, US Special Forces, and numerous law enforcement and emergency services as a quick way to control severe hemorrhaging while minimizing size and weight.
The R.A.T.S. Tourniquet is a small and easier-to-use field tourniquet. It is a solid vulcanized rubber core with a nylon sheath combined with a locking mechanism. Using the R.A.T.S. Tourniquet is simple and incredibly fast to apply to yourself or others.
No matter which type from the list above, or others that are available that aren’t listed here, it is my sincere hope that this quick guide at least helps you decide that you should carry tourniquets on duty and definitely seek training in how to use them. We know this is a newer topic for many and look forward to helping you with any question you might have. Our company is staffed with serving police officers and military veterans (heck, most of us are both!) – do not hesitate to contact Nelson & Co today. We are here to make it easy.
Early in 2017, 27-year-old Trooper Ed Andersson was called to the scene of an accident. Upon arriving and witnessing an overturned car, he began to block off the road and set up road flares as he had done a dozen times before. That’s when a bullet struck him in the chest. Before he had a chance to even to process what had happened, the assailant was on top of him. Severely weakened from the gunshot wound, the Trooper could put up little resistance as his head was repeatedly slammed, again and again, into the concrete. Andersson had to have believed that this is how he would die - until he heard the voice of another man. Someone was offering him help. Seconds later, the assailant was dead on the ground from the bullet of a good Samaritan’s gun, and Andersson was receiving first aid from his savior's wife. Two people with the fortitude to confront evil, and the strength and ability to do what was necessary - saved that Troopers life.
"We did what we had to do. ... God put us in the right place at the right time." The Samaritan said.
In this case, by our society’s definition, which person was the good guy? In my opinion, they both are. A good guy in uniform was helped by a good guy without one. So, do good guys need a uniform at all? The answer is: yes and no.
Our uniforms serve as symbols.
There's a reason that those who have taken up the burden of service are asked to distinguish themselves further through specific clothing and mannerisms as they interact with the general public. Part of it is for show, for both the viewer and wearer; in a uniform you become a symbol of something greater. A uniform shows the world that this place is protected -from violence, from fire, from anyone or anything that would seek to do it harm. It also reminds the wearer of they role they are expected to play - it helps steel the mind. Most who have worn a uniform whether military, police, fire or paramedic can attest to the psychological shift that occurs as soon as you put it on. Your training, your honor, it remembers those clothes. These symbols are also reinforced in public, for better or worse, through the media and the stories we are inundated with. With all of this history and symbolism surrounding our uniforms, it's hard to forget that they don’t actually do anything. They are simply clothes. They don’t make someone strong or brave. Yes, they represent a significant number of things - but it is man or women who chose to put one on that makes these symbols real. Many of the good guys wear a uniform, but that isn’t what makes them good, and it isn’t the only way one can be one of the “Good Guys.”
Good Guys Don’t Wait for Permission to do What’s Right
The United States, at its core, was founded on the principles of self-responsibility. Most of our history has relied on individuals taking destiny upon themselves, and it is only much later that the government followed suit (and in many cases took credit.) From our founding in the eighteenth century, to the Texan settlers who took up arms against Mexico, all the way to the McMinn County War, our history is written by great people who didn’t wait for permission to do what they knew was right. We’d be fools to think this underlying truth has changed. Men and Women in uniform stand on the wall that holds back the chaos that threatens to overwhelm civilization - but it is the unsung support and will of our countrymen that ensure that this wall will never crack. That this wall remains strong. That this wall protects something worth protecting.
Our Strength Comes from our Citizens
Let’s talk about public safety and how it relates to this topic. We are an armed nation. Millions have chosen the responsibility that comes with owning a weapon - and they have proven time and again that a “good guy” can very often be one who's never worn a uniform. Almost three times as many dangerous criminals are killed by an armed citizen each year than are killed by police (some of this may have to do with Police training in de-escalation, but it still shows the power of a responsible citizenry.) According to compiled FBI data, most active shooter situations end after the shooter chooses to stop - 30% of these situations were stopped by police, while motivated civilians stopped 13%. So around 25% of all resolved violent situations were resolved by civilians who took the situation upon themselves. It's estimated that armed civilians stop over 6,500 criminal incidents a day.
It's not just police services that are significantly augmented by the good samaritan nature of our communities. Nearly 70% of our country’s firefighters are volunteers. Mounted patrols help search thousands of acres of land. Even simply putting AED’s in the workplace has saved numerous lives.
Time and again our countrymen have stepped up to take on the burden of protection - even when no one expected them to. Though, dare I say, that isn’t entirely accurate - When you’re one of the good guys - YOU expect it of yourself.
So who are the Good Guys?
WE are; that is, those of us with the fortitude to put ourselves in harms way to protect the lives and well being of others. It’s not the clothes you wear or the organization you represent - it simply whether or not you have what it takes to take appropriate action; to do the right thing, when the time comes. Good guys fight, prepare to fight, and live a vigilant lifestyle to protect us, each other, our communities, and our country from those who would do harm. From crime. From evil. From Tyranny.
And upon this premise, that we the people are the good guys, our small company has been founded. We are here to make it easy for the good guys. Doing good does not just fall upon those of us who have served or who still serve in the military, police, fire service, or an ambulance company. Our business focuses on the first responder, a title that is used a lot lately to describe public safety employees, but it means all of us who are there first and are ready to do good when necessary.
The modern American soldier wears more armor into battle than any warrior since the medieval knight. And an entry team might wear more than that! In fact, it wasn't until the very end of the medieval era, when armor had become fully encasing, that the weight of it reached the equivalent of today’s soldiers. There has only been one reason throughout history to justify the wearing of such weight into combat - it works.
It is estimated that over 3,000 law enforcement officers have been saved by their vests in the past few decades and that those who do wear vests have 3.4 times greater1 chance of surviving the incident. Body armor can be uncomfortable, hot and annoying, but it is undoubtedly your best protection from the forces that mean to do you harm. Choosing the right level and quality for yourself can ease much of the downside of wearing armor.
Body Armor Ratings
Ok, let's jump right into the point of this article. Most of you out there are probably aware that body armor comes in a number of ratings , but how much do you need? Keeping track of what level of defense these rating match up to, and which level you should be wearing for your job, can take a little thought. We are going to go through the various ratings, what they stop, and who tends to wear the armor at that level. Afterward I’m going to add some of my own experience on why prices may vary amongst pieces of armor with the same rating.
You should also keep in mind the difference between covert and overt style armors. Covert being the kind worn under clothes. Covert Armor is often restricted in its defensive capabilities due to the need for thinness and flexibility - in order to be worn discreetly. You can find covert armors up to Level IIIA ratings.
Its also important to note the level of protection will also vary on the velocity of the projectile. The same round can have much more penetrating power depending on the velocity at which it is traveling. Velocity is a big deal in body armor ratings - and you will note it is a big difference between why one vest is rated the way it is.
Also note, when we start talking about hard armor, there is a distinction between ICW and SA plates. ICW means "In Conjunction With" - that is, an ICW plate must be worn in conjunction with soft armor (underneath). If you wear an ICW plate without soft armor, it does not stop the threats it says it stops - very important when you find that 'good deal' on a plate or weight that seems too light to be true! So always make sure that your ICW plate is worn along with your soft armor. SA means "Stands Alone". SA hard armor plates can be worn all by themselves with or without soft armor underneath them.
Stab Proof and Spike Proof Vests
Stab proof and spike proof are actually two different types of protection. A knife proof only vest may not be able to protect you from an ice pick/stiletto type weapon, and a spike proof only vest may not adequately defend you from a laceration style attack. Rarely are soft bulletproof armor vests able to protect you from either one (hard armor will of course stop most of these attacks). It's important to consider the threats you will be facing when choosing your armor - example: correction officers will often opt for spike protection due to the nature of the weapons they may face.
This armor can be light and is easy to wear very discreetly under clothes, but its uses can also be very limited. It is the minimum level of protection suggested for anyone who faces a threat that requires body armor.
What does it stop - Rated to stop threats up to: 9mm JSP; .40 S&W; .45 ACP; 12 gauge 00 buck
Who Wears it - This is worn by many police officers, though personally, I would recommend at least Level II if possible, because of velocity.
Level II body armor is widely considered a fair balance between size/weight and effectiveness. It is the most often purchased armor by departments who wear their armor under their uniform shirts (or in a uniform style external carrier).
What does it stop - Rated to stop threats up to: 9mm 124g FMJ; 9mm +P; .357 Magnum
Who Wears it - This level is the standard for most on-duty officers. Security/Police personnel who are required to go on longer patrols or operate in warmer climates may consider this level of threat protection.
Level IIIa is the highest rated soft armor you can find. It is usually thicker and stiffer than other vests with lower ratings, but if you are operate in the highest threat environments, you might choose level IIIa. Military issued tactical vests are usually rated at level IIIa with an additional fragmentation rating.
What does it stop - Rated to stop threats up to: .357 SIG; .44 Magnum; 10mm Auto; 12g 1oz Rifled slug;
This level should be adequate for the vast majority of handgun threats.
Who Wears it - Police officers, security personnel, and anyone else who requires a high level of protection while still maintaining a manageably comfortable garment. It is usually fine for everyday wear, though hot climates or constant movement may make the extra thickness of this armor uncomfortable. If you are going to wear ICW hard armor plates, you will want level IIIA soft armor to go with them.
Now we are getting into hard armor plates. Our modern day knights if you will. These armor levels (III and IV) usually require a good amount of conditioning before they can be worn comfortably for extended periods of time, and unless you're willing to put in the effort, should typically be reserved for stationary posts or jobs where the armor can be donned before the threat is posed (examples might be home defense or patrol units responding to active shooter situations).
What does it stop - Expected to stop threats up to: Most rifles; Lehigh .45-70
Note: Level III hard armor will stop .223, .556, and 7.62x39 threats; but is generally not rated to stop Green-tip .556 or Mild-Steel Core AK rounds. If these cartridges are among your threats, you should choose either Level IV hard amour or see one of the Level III+ Special threat Plates (Like this one).
Who Wears it - Those dealing with tactical situations like barricaded suspects, active shooter response, or anyone else facing a threat involving rifles.
Level IV hard armor is the highest level of protection available in a transportable, wearable form.
What does it stop - Expected to stop threats up to: Armor Piercing Rifle Ammunition - tested against 30-06 M2 AP.
Who Wears it - Military personnel, High-risk entry teams, Active Shooter Response, Any threat with high-powered (like, for real high powered) rifles.
Why You May Consider Paying a Little More for the Same Rating
Although all armor at the same rating level are certified to perform equally against the same threats, you may see the prices between makes and models, for example two different level II vests or two similar looking level III rifle plates, vary considerably. Typically you are paying for the weight and thickness (or like they sometimes like to say in the armor business, the thinness).
Higher quality armor might use specific materials that defend against the same threats, but with less weight or bulk. But these materials or construction techniques come at a cost. If you are wearing the same armor day after day, shift after shift, you (or your department) might consider spending the extra money. However, if your armor is worn only in certain situations, it could make a lot of sense to spend less but have it for sure when you need it. As the say, ounces add up to pounds and pounds equals pain! Just shaving off a few pounds (without sacrificing protection) can make a huge difference on the wear and tear on your body over a few years.
I hope this quick guide helps you when making your decision about body armor. We know this can be a very confusing topic for many and look forward to helping you with any question you might have. Our company is staffed with serving police officers and military veterans (heck, most of us are both!) – do not hesitate to contact Nelson & Co today.
Sometimes, you are all the help you are gonna get. It is vitally important to be prepared for traumatic injury to yourself or whoever you come across at the scene. Emergency medical responders might be minutes or more away; but time can't wait. Whether you are police, fire, EMS off duty, or a prepared citizen; always keep a kit nearby and know how to use it.
At a minimum, it is a good idea to keep a tourniquet on-hand. Better yet, keep a couple tourniquets readily available. It is recommended that you keep any kind of tourniquet with a sturdy windless so you can really be effective with it. Keep tourniquets in the car and keep them in your pack. Some people even keep them on their belt because seconds matter. If there is space, add to that some trauma dressings like the OLAES Modular Dressing and gauze for wound packing. At least. Do this for yourself and do it for others who need your help.
Of course, the most important trauma supply you can have on-hand is know-how. Get training. Learn to stop heavy bleeding and learn to treat the most catastrophic wounds. Do this so you can remain effective until help arrives, or be the help someone else is praying for.